Fabio Cavallucci was born in 1961 at Santa Sofia near Florence.
From 2001 to 2008, he was director of the Galleria Civica di Trento. He also coordinated Manifesta 7, the European Biennial of Contemporary Art, which took place in 2008 in Italian provinces of Trentino and South Tirol. Fabio Cavallucci curated the International Sculpture Biennial held in Carrara in 2010. In 2010-2014, he oversaw the Contemporary Art Centre of Ujazdowski Castle in Warsaw. From May 2014, he has been appointed the director of the Centre for Contemporary Art Luigi Pecci in Prato.
The many international artists whom he has involved in exhibitions and special projects include Cai Guo-Qiang, Maurizio Cattelan, Antony Gormley, Katarzyna Kozyra, Paul McCarthy, Santiago Sierra, Mario Merz, Aernout Mik, Gillian Wearing, Wilhelm Sasnal, and more.